Catuṣpatha is a place where the four roads meet and represents the area of human settlement near rivers. Indus seals are with different types of strokes in varying numbers as symbols. Per sources, the site of Dholavira is the second largest among the rest of the other Harappan sites in India and the fifth largest in the whole of the Indian subcontinent among other significant sites like- Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Rakhigarhi, Lothal, Rupanagar and Ganeriwala. Figure 2: A line drawing of the symbols inscribed in Figure 1.Number of symbols on the sign board: 10 (Symbols 8 and 9 are read as one unit as they are twin representations). Each symbol has a distinct data about yajna and the order of symbols is not significant. The explanation of symbols is supplemented with the picture of seals where they have appeared, picture of similar objects and conclusions drawn later. of A.S.I. This twin representation can be seen in the board, seal picture as well as in support picture where the 2 circular altars are side by side. One of the most interesting and significant discoveries at Dholavira is the sign board found in the northern gateway of the city and is often called the Dholavira Signboard. The symbol which is circular in shape with 6 spokes has been identified as one of the sacred altars “Gārhapatya”. The freshly crushed juice of soma is filtered in this as purifying act. Dholavira is a large archaeological site of the ancient Indus valley civilization, situated in the Kutch district of Gujarat in Western India. Dholavira, Indus Valley Sites Located in the Khadir Bet Island in Kutch district of Gujarat, Dholavira is one of the five most important sites of the Harapan civilization found across the Indian subcontinent. According to Yajurveda, the total numbers of Yajña types were over four-hundred, and the Indus civilization had many tribes. The city is as large as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Yupa sacrificial posts were to be chiseled from trees and varieties of containers of both mud and wood varieties were to be made afresh before yajnas. The repetition of circular symbol of Garhapatya altar appears to be the central theme because Agni / fire was of great importance in ancient times. Animals like goat, sheep, antelopes, etc. It is used in Cāturmāsya rituals where a Caru or Pāyasa cooked in milk is offered to Marut. Delhi Riots – Time for Hindus to come out of their complacency, Dravidian Terrorism- Naked Truth in a Nutshell, The Brilliant Cooperation Between Radical And Moderate Muslims, The Genocide That was Never Told: New Book documents suffering of Bangla Hindus. Punarādheya is indicated by a set of two symbols of Gārhapatya. The technique of rainwater harvesting was the unique feature of Dholavira which rarely found from any other site. Here fresh water was available and the soil was very fertile. The symbols of both Gārhapatya and Ahavaniya presented together in the board indicates whom or where to contact agents if one must know about the constructional aspects as well as the arrangement of priests and the various ingredients required for this. Located in the Khadir Bet Island in Kutch district of Gujarat, Dholavira is one of the five most important sites of the Harapan civilization found across the Indian subcontinent. Besides an underground drainage system has also been found used for sanitation under the citadel. Samidh sticks (firewood of specific trees – this required approval of a supervisor who was responsible for the maintenance of the forest – Vanaya or Vanapan). in 1967-8. Tourists during their Gujarat tour shouldn’t miss out this archeological place of interest. The structure of symbols is an exact replica of the objects used in rituals. The symbols inscribed on seals are the archaeological proofs with the indication of the ingredients used in a Yajñic ritual. The system was designed in such as a way so that the rain water can be stored as the place was possibly dry because of proper sweet water resources. Known as a remarkable excavation site during the Indus Valley Civilization, Dholavira was one of the most developed cities roughly 4500 years ago. Construction of Āhavanīya fire altar has eight bricks that are compared to the eight syllables of Gāyatri metre. Yajnas were mainly of two types: The Shrauta (big scale rituals performed in yajnashala observing rigid rules and called for huge expenditure and participation of many priests) and Grihya rituals (less rigid, domestic rituals, performed by the yajamana of the house). Many collections of such excavated pieces are kept in Dholavira so that tourists can come and see how advanced the Harappan Civilization was. It further depended on the four social orders (Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatṛya, Vaiṣya, Śūdra) – a combination of which gave rise to the multiple number of Yajña. The six spokes indicate the six seasons and a circle around the spokes indicates that the Gārhapatya needs to be maintained all through 6 seasons of the year. The study of the nature of symbols have been correlated by the author to be related to the yajna rituals. One Aratni = twenty-four inches. Idhma means wood sticks used for kindling fire, offered along with Sāmidheni verses recited at the time of kindling sacred fire. Reminiscences of the Bronze Age in which the Indus Valley Civilization belonged from 2650 BCE to 2100 BCE are found in a great deal from the ruins of Dholavira. The site is located near the village of Dholavira (from where it received its name), in the Kutch District of the Indian state of Gujarat. This area is then enclosed like the womb on all sides by enclosing stones. Pariśasa or Śapha are a pair of tongs for raising the Gharma – the heated pot from the fire, used in the fire ritual called Pravargya. Presently Dholavira known as kotada timba, located in Gujarat contains the ruins of ancient civilization. Tourists have to get a car from there to reach the site. Indus civilization was an era of Yajñas and performance of yajnas by people was the social order of the day for the maintenance and wellbeing of the society. The long stroke which is only one in number on the sign board (There are also representation of 2,3,5,6 long strokes in seals) is identified to be the representation of ‘Idhma’. Independent Researcher and Indologist, Mysore, Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1726820335/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_bibl_vppi_i1, https://www.amazon.in/Symbolography-Indus-Seals-Rekha-Rao-ebook/dp/B016QQKBQE, https://www.amazon.com/Depiction-Vedic-Priests-Indus-Seals/dp/1717855202/ref=sr_1_9?ie=UTF8&qid=1537762482&sr=8-9&keywords=Rekha+rao, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. Dholavira is one of the two largest Harappan sites in India, and 5th largest in the Indian subcontinent. Place Details: One of the five largest Harappan sites in the Indian sub-continent, Dholavira is located in the Khadir Bet Island in Kutch district of Gujarat. The filter is one Prādeśa in length (twelve Aṅgula or one span) with a handle. Presently an archaeological site in Khadirbet of Kutch Gujarat, … The resort offers a perfect blend of hisory, nature and along with the comfort of modern amenities. The symbols used in this sign board are also utilized in many Harappan / Indus seals. While laying the bricks, the priest follows the movement of the sun. Its central part called navel / Nābhi are made of white wool of a living ram. It represents the ruins of an ancient city of the Harappan civilization that was inhabited over a period of 1,200 years from 3000 BCE through 1800 BCE. This paper is focused on what the 10 symbols of Dholavira sign board communicate. In homa, the fire from this is drawn to light the other two sacrificial fires called Āhavanīya and Dakṣiṇāgni. Performing Yajña was mandatory for all citizens. Gārhapatya fire is used for warming the Havis and utensils, and for cooking the oblatory material called Havis (see photo in fig.10) The representation as a symbol may also indicate that fire is perpetually maintained by logs of wood to maintain the fire. The seal picture also depicts two Gārhapatya altars to communicate how punaradheya must be performed before the commencement of Soma yajna if Gārhapatya is not maintained. This paper proposes a new interpretation for the previously unsolved puzzle of the Dholavira sign board. The place where these were purchased was indicated through symbols in very bold font so that people could notice it and approach them. The square altar of Ahavaniya is indicated but interestingly the semi-circular altar called Dakshinagni where oblations are made to the dead pitrus is not indicated. Punarādheya is the reinstallation of fires that takes place under certain contingencies such as illness, death of the Yajamāna, loss of wealth, and at a desire for prosperity. The remains of the Citadel:Remains of a citadel are also excavated out from the debris in the middle and the lower town at Dholavira Harappan site. a) Dholavira. This means there existed similarities between the symbols of the seals and the board. The symbols resemble the objects that are still in use during yajna rituals and picture of such objects is a proof of the fact that the rituals are a continuum until this date. Performing homa, offering oblations and protecting altars with ghee and fuel of specific wood contributed to health, increased happiness and added to the wealth of the world (Ref. The archaeological (Harappan) site is locally known as Kotada timba meaning a large fort probably referring to the … Tourists during their Gujarat tour shouldn’t miss out this archeological place of interest. It has been excavated since 1990 by a team lead by R S Bisht of ASI. Dholavira is one of the five largest Harappan sites. The Praṇītāh Pātra – a kind of cup with a handle. It is interesting to understand why sign boards were in vogue during Indus civilization, as far back as 3500 years when the script of language did not exist. The symbols say a lot about all the rituals that were in vogue during Vedic and post Vedic periods. From Bhuj, Dholavira is 250 Kilometers and people have to reach there only via the roadway. Therefore, Āhavanīya is a square and construction involves knowledge of geometry. This is done so that the positive and auspicious powers flow and reach the performers / sacrificer from all four directions. In addition to this some other antiquities found here were graduated scale made or a charred rib bon of an animal, a number of seal and sealing, beads of semi-precious stones. d) Manda. The significance of 262 Indus symbol has been listed in the book “The Dictionary of Indus Symbols”. Some of the symbols displayed in bigger form on the board are inscribed on the small seals also and exhibit an astonishing amount of standardization in the representation of the symbols. When Gārhapatya is abandoned or discontinued due to calamities or accident, it is called Prājahita. c) Kalibangan. In the Soma sacrifice, the fire of Āhavanīya is transferred from the original to the newly constructed Uttaravedika, (a small square high altar within the sacrificial arena,see last picture of figure 7) and uttaravedi later becomes Āhavanīya in which oblations to deities are offered. But do you know about the oldest town of human civilization where black magic found its root from? Offerings made in sacred fire altar was the distinctive feature of Vedas. Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kachchh District, in the state of Gujarat in western India, which has taken its name from a modern-day village 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) south of it. The symbol on the board indicates about the availability of accessories related to the offerings on Catuṣpatha. Since Indus seals are about Vedic civilization, the sign board has information related to yajna activities. The fire is borrowed from Gārhapatya of a Vaiṣya house to relight the new Gārhapatya is called Aharyāgni (Aharya means to borrow). Still from the reminiscences of the sun-dried bricks and stone masonry, the skills of the builders during the Harappan age can be estimated. The signboard is the display of a place where anuchara could be contacted for the arrangements and performance of the above-mentioned rituals. They had faith in deity Indra who would cut the clouds with his weapon and bring copious rain. Fine artistry and craftsmanship of the then masons are estimated from the unearthed citadel that is completely destroyed. The symbol on board hints about the elaborate preparations of Darśa Pūrnamāsa rituals (related to the full moon, new moon rituals), where all four categories of priests were required. Yajnas thus became the major activity of people for which recitation of Vedic chants by Vedic priests was mandatory. The symbol of a single stroke represents a single oblation of wood offered to deity Prajāpati who is the creator of all beings. The Catuṣpatha symbol where 4 roads meet, where oblation is offered to Rudra. The construction of altars is a complicated procedure and many priests are called for this work and hence advertised on the board about it through symbols. Anuchara is the term used for agents, who worked for orders, whom the sacrificer after his Dikṣā engages to collect materials for the sacrifice. Gārhapatya is more like a witness. Within the circular site – six stones are laid, which is depicted in the symbol of Gārhapatya. Āhavanīya, the square shaped altar, one of the three sacred fire altars. One of the five largest Harappan sites in the Indian sub-continent, Dholavira is located in the Khadir Bet Island in Kutch district of Gujarat. One of the most interesting and significant discoveries at Dholavira is the sign board found in the northern gateway of the city and is often called the Dholavira Signboard. The Indus seals can be read as the standardized format for the types of Yajña to be performed and the requirements of ingredients as prescribed in the Yajurveda were probably acquired from co-operative houses, the list of ingredients, the scale of Yajña, and the span to which it went had to be noted by the village accountant. Dholavira is a large archaeological site of the ancient Indus valley civilization, situated in the Kutch district of Gujarat in Western India. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? Regular buses are also available from the Bhuj. Reaching Dholavira It will take 4 to 5 hours to reach Dholavira from Bhuj town. Pariśasa may also be used in death ritual called Anustaraṇī where the animal flesh was used to cover the dead body so that human flesh of the dead one is not charred. The discarded or the original Gārhapatya in the altar is called Prājahita. The centre part is cut and re-woven with wool of a living ram. Reinstallation of fire is performed in the same paradigm of Ādheya, the initial rite of installing sacrificial fire in altars, with a few deviations. Dholavira is located on Khadir Beyt, an island in the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat in India. 1.1 About Dholavira Dholavira is an important city of the Harappan civilization (Joshi, 2007). Dholavira is an archeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, Gujarat, India. 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