From 2500-1700 BC, the Indus River Valley Civilization, also called the Harappan Civilization, settled along the southern Indus … THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. In the middle period, this civilization progressed well. Next, he briefs completely about the economic life during that period. Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer delivers the 23rd Gulestan and Rustom Billimoria Endowment Lecture at the Asiatic Society of Mumbai, Dec. 14, 2020. But the fourth and equally important one, the far more sophisticated Indus Valley Civilization, seems to have been lost to the world. In the Indus Valley Civilization, the society was separated into three distinct groups. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE mature period 2600–1900 BCE) located in the western region of South Asia, and spread over what … 4. The most powerful group of people in the Indus Valley Civilization were Brahmins. History of the idea. Loading... Unsubscribe from GK PlaZa? Geographical Extent of Indus Valley Civilization • The Indus Valley Civilization was spread over a very large area which is today a part of Northwestern India and Pakistan. The largest city in Mohenjo-Daro, present day Pakistan, with settlements stretched across the river. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. What was everyday life like in the Indus Valley? Valley . It was very hot in the Indus Valley so people spent a lot of time outside . The third most powerful group of people were vaisyas. Alongside the question of the social organization of the Indus Civilization is a debate over the causes of urbanization. One of the earlier models, focusing again on the cities and the larger scale, argued for a ‘culture–climate’ hypothesis, 15 which suggested that urbanization was the response to … INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION (Political, social, Economical & Religious life) GK PlaZa. They were the rulers and warriors of the kingdom. These Priests were the ultimate rulers of the civilization, as they decided where everything would go, such as plants, and buildings. There were four main social classes in Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures, some as accurate as to 1.6 mm. It began nearly 5,000 years ago in an area of modern-day Pakistan and Northern India. The Hidden Secrets of Indus Valley 2. Scientific and archaeological proofs show the level of scientific and technical achievements of the early civilization. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. (a) Food-Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items of provisions were eaten by the subjects of Indus Valley Civilization.Significant stuffs of food comprised wheat, barley, rice, milk, fish, beef, mutton etc., in addition to date, which was their preferred fruit. about 4,500 years ago and was centered in the vast river . The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. The next most powerful group of people were the Kshatriyas. Besides food was supplied from distant areas by boats plying on China, Mesopotamia, Egypt have been widely researched and are well known to us all. Introduction: The development made by human beings by establishing residence, housing, road, agriculture, art, education, dress, etc. The Indus Valley was home to one of the world's first large civilisations. The following facts prove the point: Indus Script: They were also known as the priests of the kingdom. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 bce, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd millennium bce. Indian History for UPSC CSE: Ancient History - Indus Valley Civilisation To Mauryan Empire Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, and the Indus River Valley civilization all established a social system that relied on a hierarchy. Some seals show animals which resemble the two gods, Shiva and Rudra. civilization . Most people had small homes which were also used as workshops. ... Indus Valley Civilization: Town Planning - Duration: 14:26. LEVELS OF THE CASTE SYSTEM. Lastly, Agam sheds light on various important points related to the social life of people during Harappan Civilization. first great civilizations. Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. The civilization began to flourish . Indus Valley Civilization 1. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. Harappan civili­ zation. Social Life: The social life of the Indus people was highly developed. This view is supported by the architectural layout found in the walled cities. The Indus River Valley's social structure was based on a caste system. plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. The Period of Indus Valley Civilizations: • The Indus Valley Civilization consisted of three periods: Primary Period 3800 BC to 2500 BC Middle Period 2500 BC to 1700 BC Last Period 1700 BC to 1300 BC During the primary period, urban life made a great progress. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. However, scholars do not know how this civilization began. The Indus Valley religion is polytheistic and is made up of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The figurative use of cradle to mean "the place or region in which anything is nurtured or sheltered in its earlier stage" is traced by the Oxford English Dictionary to Spenser (1590). THE CASTE SYSTEM. April 20, 2018. Civilization Sources Social Structure. The study of remains illustrates that people were divided into four grades, namely- learned persons, warriors, businessmen and working class. • It covered an area of 1299600 Sq.metre. A deep exploration of the Indus script and its evolution in the context of Indus civilization and other neighbouring Bronze Age cultures and their writing systems. They were Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras (Kings, Warriors, Artisans, Peasants). Just like the Sumer civilization of Mesopotamia and the Egyptian civilization, the government of the Indus Valley was ruled by religion; The Indus government was well organized. This civilization is sometimes called the . was one of the world's . The archaeological excavation during the early 20 th century brought into light an extensive civilization in the Indian subcontinent; The Indus valley civilization represents the first phase of urbanization in India; The most of the Indus valley is situated at the valley of Saraswathi river; The Indus valley is spread across 1400 km northwest and 1600 km east-west The concept "cradle of civilization" is the subject of much debate. There are other evidences also to give a clear picture of the Indus life. The food of the Harappan people was supplied from extensive areas cultivated in vicinity of the city. While there is some debate over the existence of a caste system in ancient Harappa, many archaeologists theorize that there was a hierarchical social structure in place. The Brahmins consisted of Priests, as the government was Theocracy. Indus River Valley Civilization — Societal Structure. Citizens were born into their classes, and could not move, either. The social class had their ruler (King / Queen / Emperor / Pharaoh), religious leaders, government officials, and writers at the top of their social class … The sanitary system and also the drainage system speaks of their cleanliness and public hygiene The caste system was a major impact on the class structure within Indus River Valley civilization. What little is known is obtained from two things: Indus script, and archaeology of cities such as Harappa (which gave the civilization its name) and Mohenjodaro. Indus . the first The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. Indus Valley Civilization is the one of the oldest ancient civilizations of the world.Indus River Valley Civilization was discovered by the archaeologists in the 1920s. The Indus Valley Civilization is a very old, very mysterious civilization that not much is known about. Alandi Ashram. Social Life of Indus Valley People . This indicates that Indus Valley Civilization was the most extensive among all other ancient civilizations. Below is given a brief account of the social, economic and religious life of the Indus Valley people. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. The Indus Valley Civilization. The people of the Indus River Valley were also restricted to many things within their class. Indus Valley civilization dates back to 2500 BC. Social Organization of the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization started around 2500 B.C.E. The ancient world consisted of four great civilizations: China, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley Civilization. Charles Rollin's Ancient History (1734) has "Egypt that served at first as the cradle of the holy nation". The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. Indus Valley civilization is also known as ‘Harappan Culture’. The large number of seals engraved with letters conveys the idea that there was good percentage of literacy among the Indus people. Other seals depict a tree which the Indus Valley believed to be the tree of life. The art of handicrafts flourished. 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