As the season progresses, they turn a darker green, eventually becoming dark brown. The bark is smooth and green on young growth, turning reddish and then brown with age. Sesbania punicea (Cav.) The history of introduction of invasive alien plants to southern Africa. Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. The bark varies from gray brown to red brown with obvious horizontal lenticels. Cape Town, South Africa: Solomon. USDA; NRCS, 2002. The fruits are brown pods that have four characteristic longitudinal wings. (Distribución geográfica, nodulación y comportamiento agronómico de tres especies de Sesbania nativas de zonas inundables en Venezuela.) Common name(s): red sesbania: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: “Grows in wet soil to water 6 inches deep and tolerates seasonal flooding” (Speichert, Speichert 2004). CABI, Undated. red sesbania; Other Scientific Names. Trichapion lativentre: a bud-feeding weevil on Sesbania punicea. Proceedings of the third National Weeds Conference of South Africa. http://plants.usda.gov. Most habitats that have been invaded are characterised by assemblages of low-growing plant species (grasses and riverine shrubs). Cuda JP; Logarzo GA; Casalinuovo MA; DeLoach CJ, 1996. DC. Legumes of Africa, a check list. SETR10: Sesbania tripetii (Poit.) Biological control of weeds in South Africa (1990-1998)., 75-79; [^italic~African Entomology Memoir^roman~, No. The history of introduction of invasive alien plants to southern Africa. Légumineuses.). DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2003000300022, Tison J M, 2013. This weevil has now dispersed over most of the range of S. punicea. Plant invaders; beautiful, but dangerous. DC. This impermeability is caused by callose. DC. Pod Sesbania punicea 01.jpg 2,064 × 2,752; 1.81 MB. In: Flore des Mascareignes: La Réunion, Maurice, Rodrigues. Benth. It can occur in disturbed habitats and is a weed of rice cultivation areas; despite harvest for human uses there seem to be no serious threat to the species or its habitats. [4] Human who ingests this plant or its seeds can become very sick and may suffer vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory failure, and death.[9]. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Benth. Preferred Common Name. Apart from its horticultural value, S. punicea has not been used for other purposes to any great extent. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press, 21-35. African Entomology, 1(2):141-144. [3][7][9][11], These plants are used as ornamentals due to their graceful shape and beautiful red flowers. Sesbania punicea is a deciduous shrub or small tree up to 5 m high with many slender, thornless branches. Wallingford, UK: CABI. S. punicea infestation after biological control (1992). A. Benth. On average, a single plant can produce 100-300 pods. The plants have been cultivated widely, and escaped from cultivation, within these and neighbouring countries, so the true extent of its natural range is currently somewhat obscure (, Sesbania punicea is a popular ornamental species that has been planted widely in gardens in many countries around the world (. The adult weevils feed on the leaves and lay single eggs in premature flower buds. ex F.T. Brown CJ; Gubb AA, 1986. The genus Sesbania is within the larger family Fabaceae. It also forms dense thickets and thrives in disturbed areas.[1][3][4]. Hoffmann J H, Moran V C, 1991. The Department of Nature and Environmental Conservation of the Cape Provincial Administration. Plant invaders; beautiful, but dangerous. Geographical distribution, nodulation and agronomical behavior of three native species of Sesbania of flood areas in Venezuela. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press. , 1978. is a fast-growing, perennial legume tree, reaching a height of up to 8 m.It has a shallow root system and its stems may reach 12 cm in diameter. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. S. punicea infestation choking a perennial river. In: Macdonald IAW, Kruger FJ, Ferrar AA, eds. DC. SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE: Sesbania punicea FAMILY Fabaceae. Although reports of poisoning are scarce, S. punicea, and in particular the seed, is toxic to livestock and fowl (, Environmental impacts resulting from invasions of S. punicea include degradation of stream and river banks where the plants form thickets within the water channels and impede water flow, forcing the rivers to overflow and causing lateral erosion of the banks (. EPPO, 2020. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press, 77-91. Oviposition patterns and the supplementary role of a seed-feeding weevil, Rhyssomatus marginatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in the biological control of a perennial leguminous weed, Sesbania punicea. (Flore des Mascareignes: La Réunion, Maurice, Rodrigues. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Invasive alien organisms in the Namib Desert, Upper Karoo and the arid and semi-arid savannas of western southern Africa. The ecology and management of biological invasions in southern Africa. Henderson L, 2001. In: Neser S, Cairns ALP, ed. The ecology and management of biological invasions in southern Africa. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 4e Serie 7, Section B, Adansonia, No. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. In: The ecology and management of biological invasions in southern Africa, Macdonald IAW, Kruger FJ, Ferrar AA, eds. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2017) Sesbania punicea is a deciduous shrub or small tree up to 5 m high with many slender, thornless branches. Neodiplogrammus quadrivittatus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press, 109-117. The upper petal is referred to as the banner, and encapsulates the petals when they are in the bud. Journal of Applied Ecology, 26(3):967-977. Réduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. Sesbania Sesbania. Establishment of Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Pretoria, South Africa: Botanical Research Institute. The genus name "Daubentonia" is occasionally used. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Host plant for its attractive compound leaves, alternate, compound with up to 5 m high many... 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